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什么是咏春拳

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发表于 2020-11-18 13:37 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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咏春的理念是利用简单,直接的技巧来应对更为高大强壮的对手。咏春并不一味的依赖纯粹的速度和力量。相反的,对于空间感和时机的把握才是咏春的精华。咏春的训练目标是培养善于利用物理法则的聪明的武者。咏春追求实战中的实用性和有效性,所以我们相信必须在实战训练中打好坚实的基础。合理的实战训练能最大的提升信心和临场应变。咏春适合所有年龄,不同体型的人。

WING CHUN is designed to use simple, direct movements to overcome larger, stronger opponents. Utilizing the laws of physics to make intelligent fighters, we do not rely on pure speed and brute strength, but rather develop our position, sensitivity and timing. We believe in building a strong foundation in practice and precision in execution. We strive for the utmost practicality and efficiency in fighting. Proper training develops calm confidence and a healthy mind and body. Wing Chun is suitable for adults of all genders, sizes and athletic abilities.


具体来说,我们练习的是叶问学派的咏春拳法,并且由梁相传授予钟万年。

Specifically, we are practicing the Wing Chun of Yip Man as taught by Leung Sheung to Kenneth Chung.

咏春拳法的课程主要包含三种套路,木人樁和两种武器,以及黐手训练和互动辅助训练。

The Wing Chun curriculum is composed of 3 empty hand forms, wooden dummy, 2 weapons as well as several partner drills and auxiliary exercises. Contact training is an essential part of our practice.

小念頭 Siu Nim Tao (Little Idea)

尋橋 Chum Kiu (Seeking Bridge)

標指 Biu Jee (Thrusting Fingers)

木人樁 Mook Yan Jong (Wooden Dummy)

六點半棍 Luk Dim Boon Gwun (6 and a half point pole)

八斬刀 Baat Jaam Do (8 chopping knives)


梁相咏春是由梁相创立和传播的一派咏春拳法。作为叶问最为器重的弟子,梁相在他的咏春拳中最为注重精确的站位,结构以并且通过放松身体来释放更精准的能量。以下是的五个重点:

LEUNG SHEUNG WING CHUN is the transmission of the Wing Chun Kuen system as taught to Leung Sheung, Yip Man's foremost student. Leung Sheung placed a strong emphasis on accurate position, structure and relaxation to generate the proper energy for application. The following are his 5 points on body alignment:

1) 鉗膝 Engage the knee caps
Cantonese Jyutping: Kim4 Sat1
Mandarin Pinyin: Qian2 Xi1

2) 落馬 Settle the stance
Cantonese Jyutping: Lok6 Maa5
Mandarin Pinyin: Luo4 Ma3

3) 挺腰 Align the waist, connecting spine to stance
Cantonese Jyutping: Ting5 Jiu1
Mandarin Pinyin: Ting2 Yao1

4) 登頭 Lift the crown, relaxing the neck and shoulders
Cantonese Jyutping: Dang1 Tau4
Mandarin Pinyin: Deng1 Tou2

5) 埋踭  Bury the elbows/heels
Cantonese Jyutping: Maai4 Zaang1
Mandarin Pinyin: Mai2 Zheng1
*Zaang/Zheng refers to both elbow and heels

关于这五点可以展开许多细节。但是梁相认为一个武者必须让身体永远记住这几个要点,否则武者就不能在实战中充分的发挥出咏春的“神”,而仅仅是摆出咏春的“形”。

Much can be said about the details of each point and how to develop them. However, in Leung Sheung's opinion a practitioner of Wing Chun must embody these points or else they will never obtain the proper energy feeling, they will merely be doing shapes which resemble Wing Chun.

David的师傅钟万年通过专注于位置,敏感以及时机的训练从而进一步强化咏春的整体结构。

David's teacher Kenneth Chung further emphasizes correct execution of Wing Chun structure through the focus on Position, Sensitivity and Timing(Energy).

站位/位置

咏春拳的结构能有效的帮助武者维持格斗中的稳定性和平衡性。利用身体的结构来接收和返还对手造成的攻击。咏春拳不应该对强力的攻击做出妥协,因为这会留给对手可乘之机。咏春拳法持续的把力导向对手的中线以扰乱对手的平衡。

Position
The Wing Chun structure helps the practitioner maintain stability and balance during combat. The practitioner uses this structure to absorb and redirect attacks. Structure should not be compromised for more powerful attacks as this would create openings that the opponent could take advantage of. In both attack and defence, Wing Chun techniques deliver a constant forward force directed at an opponent’s centreline so as to disrupt his stability.

敏感/灵敏

利用对手的行动轨迹进行贴身格斗,用视觉和触觉感应到(听劲)对手的能力和意图(得机得势)身体和四肢过度紧张不利于察觉对手的行动轨迹。

Sensitivity
Sensitivity to an opponent's moves helps us to fight effectively at close range. An initial twitch of shoulder or hip can telegraph an attack the moment before it is executed. Tense limbs and body structures are less able to detect such slight movements.


时机

咏春练习的目标是提升每一个动作的精确性,使对手没有更多的时间来应对。

Timing
We practise to execute each move with greater precision and economy of motion. This avoids “telegraphing” an attack so the opponent has less time to react.



这三个理念是相辅相成的,一个更好的结构可以提升实战中的反应,而更快的反应可以捕捉到更好的时机。因此,我们的训练更注重由点到面的细节,提升武者对对手的感知能力,从而把握住稍瞬即逝的机会。

These 3 concepts work as an upward spiral. A better position improves sensitivity and an improved sensitivity improves one's timing. Therefore we tend to focus more on macro/micro positions which improve the practitioner's ability to sense tension and intention in the opponent, in turn leading to better execution timing.
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发表于 2020-11-18 13:49 | 显示全部楼层
请问哪里有学吗?怎么收费的?
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发表于 2020-11-18 14:28 | 显示全部楼层
路小西 发表于 2020-11-18 13:49
请问哪里有学吗?怎么收费的?

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 楼主| 发表于 2020-11-19 10:07 | 显示全部楼层
路小西 发表于 2020-11-18 13:49
请问哪里有学吗?怎么收费的?


我计划利用周末在三林公园开展一些咏春拳的教学活动,可以针对成年人或者小孩。
如果有兴趣的话,可以添加微信18018662363

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